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The Rise of a New Pharaoh
Bringing Forth A New Family Royal Dynasty
The fall of the Hyksos kings, wouldn't officially take place, until Egypt's Eighteenth Royal Family Dynasty had risen to power. And it would be this family dynasty that would be ruled, by a Pharaoh who was known as Ahmose I. He was the brother of the last Pharaoh (known as Kamose) who'd ruled the Seventeenth Royal Dynasty before him
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In the last article I'd taken the time to point out, how during the days of Joseph, the Egyptian kingdom was going through a major transition, when it came to those, who were ruling their land. And it was during this time, Egypt's history would reveal, there would be a new family dynasty that had risen up. And it's for this reason, things would be different for the Egyptian nation. Because of this new dynasty, everything that the Egyptians were used to, when it came to their traditions, and family dynasties, would be drastically different.
Changed how, you may be wondering? For starters, there would be at that time, a foreign ruling entity that would rise up. And by doing so, the Egyptian kingdom would be eventually split. Now the name of this family dynasty, in which I'm referring to, would be known as the 15th Family Dynasty, which was also known as: The Hyksos Kings.
Now personally, I think that the rise and fall of the Hyksos kingdom is very significant to the Israel nation. The reason why, deals with the fact, it was this Hyksos royal family dynasty that had received favor (thanks to Joseph) from the One True God. The Hyksos kings, were also the family dynasty, in which Joseph was promoted up under. Interesting to say the least, for it's these types of little details that need to be pointed out. Especially since we are now, dealing with the transitioning of power that's about to take place, from within the Egyptian nation as a whole.
Now I'm pointing these things out, because we must not make the mistake of thinking that this recorded account, was dealing with one particular Pharaoh (like so many seem to believe). But what was taking place instead, is that over time, Joseph and the Israelites were dealing with one particular royal family dynasty. A family dynasty, who wasn't Egyptian, but foreigners. And because of their usurpation, a family dynasty that ended up ruling the middle to lower parts of Egypt.
Now keep in mind, it wasn't necessarily important, when it comes to the Scriptures pointing out the genealogy of the Pharaohs, who ended up ruling parts of Egypt, during this time period, especially since they all belong to the same royal dynasty. For one should be able to understand that because of this family continuation, amongst the Pharaohs, the relationship between Israel and that particular royal family dynasty, which at the time, was known as the Fifteenth (and very possibly the Sixteenth as well) Royal Family Dynasties, simply would not have changed. And not only that, they knew and appreciated, all that Joseph had done for the Egyptian Kingdom up to that point.
Now I also believe, the mentioning of Egypt's Sixteenth Family Dynasty, also needed to be pointed out. For it's most likely that altogether, the reign of the Hyksos kings, had lasted throughout both of these two family dynasties, before they had eventually came to an end.
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The Eighteenth Royal Dynasty
Nevertheless, things from within the Egyptian kingdom would again, be much different. For we now find that the Hyksos kingdom has finally come to an end. It would be Egypt's Seventeenth Royal Family Dynasty that ended up waging war against the Hyksos kingdom. This was the family dynasty that was ruling a part of Egypt that what was known at the time, as Upper Egypt.
Be that as it may, the fall of the Hyksos kings, wouldn't officially take place, until Egypt's Eighteenth Royal Family Dynasty had risen to power. And it would be this family dynasty that would be ruled by a Pharaoh who was known as Ahmose I. He was the brother of the last Pharaoh (who was known as Kamose) who'd ruled the Seventeenth Royal Dynasty before him.
Nonetheless, this is where I believe, the Sacred Scriptures seem to pick up at, which would have been, shortly after the death of Joseph. It's at this time, we are told, how the Israelites were prospering from within the Egyptian kingdom:
"Joseph died, along with all his brothers, and all that generation that had lived during his day. But in spite of this, the children of Israel were fruitful, as they'd increased abundantly, while multiplying, as they'd grew exceedingly mighty. And it's for this reason, that the land was filled with them." -- Exodus 1:6,7
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A New Pharaoh Rises
Now I like to think that during this time, the Israelites had found themselves, thanks to Joseph, and his tremendous contributions to the Egyptians, were living in a very privileged position. And I also like to think that it was for this reason, Joseph had earned abundant favor with the Hyksos kings. However, now that the Hyksos kingdom has now been toppled, a new Pharaoh had risen to power. And unfortunately for the Israelites, this pharaoh did not know Joseph and the things he had done for the Egyptian kingdom.
And to make matters worse, he wasn't pleased with what he'd saw, from within his new kingdom: "Now there arose a new king over Egypt, for he was a king, who did not know Joseph. And it would be this king, who had said to his people: 'Look, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we are. Come, let us deal shrewdly with them. For if we don't, they will continue to multiply. And if this were to happened, and if a war were to breakout, they would join our enemies, and fight against us, and by doing so, they will also leave this kingdom, by going up, out of the land.'" -- Exodus 1:8-10
Now it would be because of this eventual decree, the Egyptians ended up assigning taskmasters over them. And it was for this reason, these taskmasters, would end up, becoming their oppressors. For I want you to know, the taskmasters would not only be in charge of the labor that was forced upon the Israelites. But it would also be the taskmasters, who also acted as tribute collectors.
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The Mentioning of A New Pharaoh
Very Important to Our Journey
And it would be with their new authoritative powers, the taskmasters would force the Israelites to build for them, two supply, or what one could also call: treasure cities. It was during this time, these two cities would be known as: Pithom and Rameses. Now when the Hyksos kingdom was finally destroyed, from within the area that was known as Lower Egypt, we already know, that a new royal dynasty had emerged.
And again, this was a family dynasty that did not know what Joseph had done, for the Egyptian kingdom. And so therefore, from this point forward, things would change for the worse. And it was from within these unfortunate big changes, which were to come against the Israelites that made the mentioning of a new Pharaoh (Royal Dynasty) by the Sacred Scriptures, so vital for our journey, from this point forward.
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Pithom & Rameses
Where Did The Names Come From?
Now I want to talk briefly about the cities that the Israelites were forced to build: Pithom and Rameses: "Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Rameses. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were in dread of the children of Israel." -- Exodus 1:11,12
Understand that Pithom was the name that was taken from the sun-god Atum of Heliopolis. And when it comes to the name Rameses, know that it means: Born of Ra. Now keep in mind, Ra was one of Egypt's most popular gods, dating all the way back to their earlier Fourth and Fifth Royal Dynasties. So if you were building Pithom in honor of Atum the sun-god, then it would only make sense that the city Rameses at this point in time, would have been built in Ra's honor, the Egyptians other popular sun-god.
Now remember, we're now journeying through a point in time that's now dealing with Egypt's Eighteenth Royal Family Dynasty. Now I keep pointing this very crucial detail out, because some Bible scholars insist on making the claim that the naming of the city Rameses, is an indication that this Scripture is pointing to the time period that dealt with the Pharaoh that was known as Ramesses II. But I hold true to the notion, this can't be the case, since Ramesses didn't come along, until Egypt's Nineteenth Royal Family Dynasty, which took place some 150 years later.
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Contradictions Caused By Us
Not the Bible
Nevertheless, I also want to take the time to point out, it's crucial that we pay close attention, when it comes to these types of facts. For if we try to place this event, into the time period that Ramesses II reigned, then it's us that creates a contradiction, when it comes to the Word of God. For example, take note of this particular Scripture:
"And it came to pass in the 480th year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, which was in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, which was in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord." -- 1 Kings 6:1
Notice how this Scripture mentions that it was 480 years from the time that Israel had left Egypt. Now I also want to point out, how this Scripture points to a place in time that would be around (966 B.C.) Which places the time of the recorded Exodus event (you know, when Israel actually left Egypt) during the reign of the Pharaoh, who was known as Thutmose III. Understand that he was the sixth Pharaoh to reign, from within the Eighteenth Royal Dynasty.
Now again, I'd like to think that this is extremely important to note. Especially since this little detail, lines up, with not only the biblical account that records Israel's captivity from within Egypt, but it also lines up, with Egypt's own secular historical accounts as well. Secular accounts that have records during a time, when the revival of their nation, brings them back to going back under the rule of one family royal dynasty, instead of two.
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Don't Take the Easy Way
When it Comes to Studying the Bible
So keep these things in mind, for if we try to move things around for our own convenience, or because it seems to fit, or to make matters worse, we then give some lame excuse that the reason for doing so, is because the number 480 was symbolic, and not an actual time reference. Then we wonder why people make the false claims that the Bible contradicts itself. When it's not the Bible that has contradictions per se, it's the laziness of the one studying this Great Book that causes them. Uh oh! Did I just write that? I guess I did. Oh well, some things just have to be said at times.
In the next Bible Study Online Article:
In the next article we'll move forward, and begin to focus more on the Sacred Record. I just wanted you to know, what we are now dealing with, when it comes to this point, from within our journey. Nonetheless, we'll now learn just how bad things would get for Israel. But keep in mind, God never abandons His people. And it's during this time, our Heavenly Father raises up two women. For I want you to know that these two women, will play very important roles, from within this critical stage of Israel's history.
May God blessings be upon you, and thank you for your support
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